Black tea is the type of tea that is prepared from the leaves of the Camellia Sinensis plant. The leaves which wither immediately when harvested, are rolled by the farmers in order to release the enzymes contained therein. The leaves are then spread out and allowed to oxidize until they turn brown. Once dried, the leaves are heated at a certain temperature to destroy the enzymes and prevent further oxidation as it will change the taste. Finally, the leaves are grounded into a powdered form and sold after being packaged properly.
Black tea has a strong, robust flavor and gives off a deep reddish-brown or black color when prepared in hot water. This type of tea has several health benefits that include maintaining blood pressure, lowering blood sugar level, boosting heart health, improving digestion, reducing the risk of cancer and many more.
A rich, malty flavor profile coupled with the countless health benefits is the reason why approximately 165 million cups of black tea are consumed in Britain every single day!
Given the fact that a true black tea tastes somewhat bitter, many people prefer to add a dash of milk to balance the slightly astringent flavor. Black tea can be further divided into different categories such as Darjeeling and Assam tea (cultivated in India), Ceylon Back tea (from Sri Lanka), Earl Grey breakfast tea and so on. Some of the different types of black tea are discussed below.
As the name suggests, black tea with bergamot is a combination of black tea and bergamot fruit extract. Often believed to be a hybrid of lemon and orange, bergamot is a pear-shaped citrus fruit that is well-known for its medicinal properties. Besides counterbalancing the bitter taste of plain black tea, the addition of bergamot extract makes the beverage good for weight loss and oral health as well as making it a good stress reliever.
The renowned Earl Grey tea is basically black tea with bergamot.
Another way to cut down on the harsh flavor of plain black tea is to add a few drops of lemon juice into the concoction. You can buy pre-packaged black tea with lemon extract or simply squeeze some lemon juice into your regular cup of tea.
The benefits of lemon-black tea include increased iron absorption, detoxification, and weight control. This tea is also good for curing a sore throat and boosting immunity as it fights off the free radicals in your body prevents a virus from spreading.
Green tea is the opposite of black tea in terms of processing. While black tea is the most processed of all true tea varieties, green tea is the least processed. It is prepared from leaves that are dried before heating them at a very low temperature. Other techniques might be employed for instance pan-frying, steaming, roasting or tossing over a low flame. This makes the leaves mildly aromatic, and they release a fresh, herb-like flavor when added to boiling water.
Depending on the type of plant that is derived from, the overall taste of green tea can range from fresh and mild to strong and slightly acidic. As you will already know, green tea features a pale green color that closely resembles the actual color of fresh eaves due to the fact that they haven’t been processed too much. Green tea is celebrated for its health benefits because it is chock full of antioxidants. The following are some of the various types of green tea that you can brew.
Jasmine green tea is green tea that has been flavored with the extract of jasmine flowers. Apart from the unique smell that jasmine extract adds to the beverage, the drink is also prized for its health benefits.
It reliefs arthritic pain and inflammation, stabilized blood pressure, reduces stress and anxiety and is known to help people suffering from depression.
Add a few drops of lemon to your regular green tea or purchase the same mixture from a nearby store but don’t miss out on the refreshing and reinvigorating taste of lemon green tea.
According to research, citrus juice brings out the antioxidizing properties of green tea and makes them more readily absorbed into the body. A cup of lemon green tea drank every morning can help you lose weight drastically while drinking it during a cold can help you recover faster.
Adding some mint leaves to green tea or better yet, brewing the mint leaves on their own can revitalize you mint like nothing else.
With an enticing aroma, this type of tea can strengthen your immune system, improve digestion as well as alleviate several joint and muscle pains.
Oolong is a type of true tea which means it is also obtained from the Camellia Sinensis plant. The way it differs from black tea and green tea is by how it is processed.
Oolong is partially oxidized. In other words, it undergoes half of the treatment that black tea undergoes. Therefore, depending on the level of oxidation, oolong tea may slightly resemble green tea or black tea in terms of both, taste and appearance.
But the primary difference lies in the properties. Oolong tea reduces the level of bad cholesterol and maintains blood sugar level. More often than not, oolong is mixed with a few drops of milk, and this is called milk oolong tea.
White tea is most delicate of all true tea varieties. This is because it is hand-processed and obtained from the youngest shoots of the Camellia Sinensis. If brewed for a particular amount of time, white tea can give out the lowest amount of caffeine but brewing it for longer will strengthen the properties.
Puer refers to an aged black tea that originated in China. It is renowned for its medicinal properties although it was illegal to import it to the U.S until twenty years ago. The method of production of the tea is still a closely guarded secret amongst the Chinese.